Alpha & Omega - The Beginning and The End of The Revelation of John

Lucifer

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Hebrew

hêylêl, hay-lale
Definition: from 1984 (in the sense of brightness); the morning-stär
Translated as: lucifer.[1]

Easton's Bible Dictionary

Lucifer Brilliant star, a title given to the king of Babylon (Isa. 14:12) to denote his glory." [2]

[Isaiah 14 is past tense, the king is spiritual and polluted the entire earth - see notes on Isa. 14]

Smith's Bible Dictionary

Lu'cifer (light-bearer), found in Isaiah 14:12; coupled with the epithet "son of the morning," clearly signifies a "bright star," and probably what we call the morning star. In this passage it is a symbolical representation of the king of Babylon in his splendor and in his fall. Its application, from St. Jerome downward, to Satan in his fall from heaven arises probably from the fact that the Babylonian empire is in Scripture represented as the type of tyrannical and self idolizing power, and especially connected with the empire of the Evil One in the Apocalypse.[3]

Gesenius's Lexicon

Isa. 14:12 according to LXX., Vulg. Targ. Rabbin., stella lucida, bright star, i.e. Lucifer.[4]

Isaiah 14

The word "Lucifer" occurs one time in the Bible, in the 14th chapter of Isaiah:

12 How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! how art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations! (Isaiah 14)

Not every translation uses the word Lucifer.

Translations

How hast thou fallen from the heavens, O shining one, son of the dawn! Thou hast been cut down to earth, O weakener of nations. (YLT)
“How you have fallen from heaven, O star of the morning, son of the dawn! (NASB)
What a comedown this, O Babylon! Daystar! Son of Dawn! (MSG)
King of Babylon, bright morning star, you have fallen from heaven! In the past you conquered nations, but now you have been thrown to the ground. (GNT)
King of Babylon, morning star, you have fallen from heaven,
even though you were as bright as the rising sun!
In the past all the nations on earth bowed down before you,
but now you have been cut down. (NCV)
How have you fallen from heaven, O light-bringer and daystar, son of the morning! (AMP)

History

The footnote of the AMP translation provides important historical information for the use of the word Lucifier:

Isaiah 14:12 The Hebrew for this expression—“light-bringer” or “shining one”—is translated “Lucifer” in The Latin Vulgate , and is thus translated in the King James Version. But because of the association of that name with Satan, it is not now used in this and other translations. Some students feel that the application of the name Lucifer to Satan, in spite of the long and confident teaching to that effect, is erroneous. The application of the name to Satan has existed since the third century a.d., and is based on the supposition that Luke 10:18 is an explanation of Isa. 14:12, which many authorities believe is not true. “Lucifer,” the light-bringer, is the Latin equivalent of the Greek word “Phosphoros,” which is used as a title of Christ in II Pet. 1:19 and corresponds to the name “radiant and brilliant Morning Star” in Rev. 22:16, a name Jesus called Himself. This passage here in Isa. 14:13 clearly applies to the king of Babylon.

The expression can be found in 2 Peter:

19 We have also a more sure word of prophecy; whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as unto a light that shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the day star arise in your hearts: (2 Peter 1)

The word "day star" is an expression not an identification or synonym for Satan.

Meaning

Even though the word "Lucifer" is not synonymous with "Satan," there are similarities. A review of the chapter that precedes the Lucifer verse (chapter 13) and the chapter it is in (chapter 14) is important for determing its relevance - the king of Babylon and thus already fulfilled; or the future and thus someone else.

We read in chapter 13 the following:

6 Howl ye; for the the day of the LORD is at hand; it shall come as a destruction from the Almighty. (Isaiah 13)

The context is "the day of the Lord" or when Jesus returns. This is substantiated by the following verse:

13 Therefore I will shake the heavens and the earth shall remove out of her place, in the wrath of the LORD of hosts, and in the day of his fierce anger. (Isaiah 13)

There is relevance to "Babylon" however in the symbolic. Babylon was a real place that has since been used as a symbol to represent "the glory of kingdoms":

19 And Babylon, the glory of kingdoms, the beauty of the Chaldees' excellency, shall be as when God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah. (Isaiah 13)

How was Sodom overthrown? By fire "from the Almighty." When will the Almighty use fire to destroy again? When Jesus returns:

28 Likewise also as it was in the days of Lot; they did eat, they drank, they bought, they sold, they planted, they builded;
29 But the same day that Lot went out of Sodom it rained fire and brimstone from heaven, and destroyed them all.
30 Even thus shall it be in the day when the Son of man is revealed. (Luke 17)

Thus, Isaiah was speaking of the end of days and spiritual Babylon, not the real city or king. Chapter 14 continues this theme with descriptions of the glory of Israel:

3 And it shall come to pass in the day that the LORD shall give thee [Israel] rest from thy sorrow, and from thy fear, and from the hard bondage wherein thou wast made to serve, (Isaiah 14)

This day has not come for Israel is in constant fear and under continual attacks. But when she is, Israel will sing the following proverb, the one in which the Lucifer reference is found. It begins:

4 That thou shalt take up this proverb against the king of Babylon, and say, How hath the oppressor ceased! the golden city ceased!

Keeping in mind Isaiah is speaking of a future day, this "king of Babylon" must be a spiritual king not on earth. Details of this spiritual king are found in the verses that follow:

5 The LORD hath broken the staff of the wicked, and the sceptre of the rulers.
6 He who smote the people in wrath with a continual stroke, he that ruled the nations in anger, is persecuted, and none hindereth.
7 The whole earth is at rest, and is quiet: they break forth into singing. (Isaiah 14)

The sceptre of these earth rulers was no doubt given to them by this spiritual king, and through them he rule the nations in anger, i.e. not peacefully - that was never his intention as the following verses will show.

9 Hell from beneath is moved for thee to meet thee at thy coming: it stirreth up the dead for thee, even all the chief ones of the earth; it hath raised up from their thrones all the kings of the nations.
10 All they shall speak and say unto thee, Art thou also become weak as we? art thou become like unto us? (Isaiah 14)

Where is this king currently?

12 How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! how art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations!

This spiritual king is in heaven, that is the Second Heaven where Jesus saw Satan fall to:

18 And he said unto them, I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven [Third Heaven]. (Luke 10) [See Heavens]

He wanted to be as God, ruling nations from above: 

13 For thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north:
14 I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like the most High.

The following verse confirms he has not yet been judged or sent to hell.

15 Yet thou shalt be brought down to hell, to the sides of the pit.

The following verse refers to the king as a "man." This should not be taken to mean he was an earthly king. There are many types of men: Angels (including those that rebelled, 2 Peter 2:4; Jude 1:6), Nephilim (Genesis 6:4), Watchers (Daniel 4:17), Translated (2 King 2:11; Genesis 5:24), and Resurrected (Matthew 27:52-53).

16 They that see thee shall narrowly look upon thee, and consider thee, saying, Is this the man that made the earth to tremble, that did shake kingdoms;

The following confirms what we read in verse 6 - "he ruled in anger" and wasted natural resources. 

17 That made the world as a wilderness, and destroyed the cities thereof; that opened not the house of his prisoners? (Isaiah 14)

The evidence of destroyed nations is everywhere. Is it any wonder they lack respect for God - they were inspired by a fallen bright one now known as the "god of this world" (2 Corinthians 4:4) over which he has complete control:

8 The devil taketh him up into an exceeding high mountain, and sheweth him all the kingdoms of the world, and the glory of them;
9 And saith unto him, All these things will I give thee, if thou wilt fall down and worship me. (Matthew 4)

Although Bible translators have disassociated the word "Lucifer" from the verse that contained it, the verse is still about Satan. The additional information provided by Isaiah is that he was once a bright star, a son of the morning. Ezekiel 28 gives the account of a fallen one; there are many parallels with Isaiah 14.

Ezekiel 28

Ezekiel 28 is very similar to Isaiah 14, both in verbiage and subject matter. And like Isaiah 14, it has been iterpreted by some to apply to earthly kings and kingdoms. It is difficulat to overlook certain statements such as the following:

3 Behold, thou art wiser than Daniel; there is no secret that they can hide from thee:
12 Son of man, take up a lamentation upon the king of Tyrus, and say unto him, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Thou sealest up the sum, full of wisdom, and perfect in beauty.
13 Thou hast been in Eden the garden of God; every precious stone was thy covering, the sardius, topaz, and the diamond, the beryl, the onyx, and the jasper, the sapphire, the emerald, and the carbuncle, and gold: the workmanship of thy tabrets and of thy pipes was prepared in thee in the day that thou wast created.
14 Thou art the anointed cherub that covereth; and I have set thee so: thou wast upon the holy mountain of God; thou hast walked up and down in the midst of the stones of fire.
15 Thou wast perfect in thy ways from the day that thou wast created, till iniquity was found in thee. (Ezekiel 28)

Summation

1. Wiser than Daniel.

2. No secrets kept from him.

3. Was in the Garden of Eden.

4. Every precious stone was his covering [symbolic?].

5. Was the anointed cherub "that covereth." [i.e. protected the Tree of Life]

6. Was upon the holy mountain of God [in heaven, not on earth].

7. Walked up and down admidst the stones of fire [the stones of fire are around the throne of God]

8. Was perfect in all his ways.

9. Was created by God.

Pretty impresive list which provides further insight into who Lucifer was - a Cherub.

Chart

Ezekiel 28
Isaiah 14

v. 2

-thine heart is lifted up

-and thou hast said I am a God

-I sit in the seat of God

v. 13

-thou hast said in thine heart

-I will be like the most High

-I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation

v. 14

-Thou art the anointed cherub that covereth; and I have set thee so thou wast upon the holy mountain of God

-Thou wast perfect in thy ways from the day that thou wast created

v. 12

O Lucifer, son of the morning

v. 8

They shall bring thee down to the pit


v. 15

thou shalt be brought down to hell, to the sides of the pit

v. 9

thou shalt be a man and no God

v. 10

All they shall speak and say unto thee, Art thou also become weak as we? art thou become like unto us?

v. 19

All they that know thee among the people shall be astonished at thee

v. 16

-They that see thee shall narrowly look upon thee, and consider thee


v. 4

-With thy wisdom and with thine understanding thou hast gotten thee riches

v. 5

-By thy great wisdom and by thy traffick hast thou increased thy riches

V. 16

-By the multitude of thy merchandise

v. 12

-didst weaken the nations

v. 16

-that did shake kingdoms

-all the kings of the nations


.

Notes

  1. James Strong, Lexicon of the Hebrew Bible
  2. M.G. Easton, Illustrated Bible Dictionary
  3. William Smith, An Dictionary of the Bible
  4. Wilhelm Gesenius, Hebrew and Chaldee Lexicon to the Old Testamament Scriptures